On the 8th of February 2017, Lok Sabha was informed about the various central and state government websites hacking incidents in the past four years.
Of the total 707 websites, 199 were hacked in 2016; 164 in 2015; 155 in 2014 and 189 in 2013, Minister of State for Home Affairs for home Hansraj Gangaram Ahir said in a written reply to Lok Sabha.
Cyber Crimes up by more than 3 times in 5 years
Of the 8,348 persons arrested under different provisions of law relating to cyber-crime laws, only 315 were convicted during 2014-15, the government said.
- The website of National Security Guard (NSG), a paramilitary force comprising anti-terror crack commandos, was partially defaced and abusive messages posted on the home page by unknown hackers on January 1. The website which is hosted on National Informatics Center (NIC) Server was blocked immediately.
- Similar cyber-attacks were reported on websites of ordnance factories as well as railways.
- As per Trishneet Arora, CEO of TAC Security, just after Narendra Modi announced the demonetization on November 8, more than 50 hacking incidents were reported in a month’s time. TAC Security’s specially designed service — Cyber Emergency Response Team (TAC-CERT) — received hacking complaints that included
- Seven (07) Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks
- Twelve (12) E-mail hacks
- Twenty-Four (24) ransomware attacks
- Four (04) financial frauds through e-mail and
- Six (06) website hackings across verticals such as export companies (ransomware and financial loss), pharmaceutical companies, manufactures of electrical parts, a hospital (data breach) and IT companies (DDoS attacks)
Actions from the government:
- Per Arora, in a move to help the organizations reduce the risk of hacking:
- Information Technology Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad has ordered a review of the entire IT infrastructure in the country
- The government recently announced to set up the National Cyber Coordination Centre (NCCC) to provide near real-time situational awareness and rapid response to cyber-attacks. The center is expected to be operational by March 2017
- The Ministry of Electronics and IT has also ordered review of the IT Act, 2000, and set up a crack team to respond to cyber security incidents quickly
- TAC CERT helps organizations in quick recovery by patching the loopholes and within hours, your service will be back to normal and function smoothly
- Supreme Court judge Madan B Lokur today said:
- We need to think about a legislation to prevent cyber-crimes. Between 2014-15 there has been a 20.5 percent rise in cyber-crimes and we don’t see the number coming down any(time) soon
- Cybersecurity is crucial. Government websites also get hacked and misused due to which public is often misled with wrong information. There is a need for preventive measures
- Given the endemic delays in the justice delivery system, we need to come up with a preventive legislation to handle the offenders. We need to be one step ahead of the offenders. A legislative policy is important
- Delhi High Court judge Sanjeev Sachdeva:
- Cyber-bullying through smartphones is severely affecting children and in some cases even driving them to commit suicide. The virtual reality games on phones are taking them away from real world and into the digital world
- National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB):
- 60% crime was committed by persons under the age of 30 in 2015. A campaign to educate people about internet offences is needed. ”With the social media, lot of private information is getting transmitted. What is of concern is commercial data and there is a need to preserve it. Unless there is a method to preserve it, any person can hack it and misuse it